Addis Ababa, which means "New Flower" in Amharic, is an intriguingly
indigenous African city. Unlike many other African capitals, its
founding, growth and development, are not rooted in colonization.
Founded in 1896 by Emperor Menelik II, Addis Ababa is the last in a
succession of capitals of the great Abyssinian Empire dating back to the
pre-Christian Axum (Brunn & Williams 273).
Many African nations followed the lead of Ethiopia (The first independent African nation) upon gaining independence and adopted the Pan-African Colors of the Ethiopian flag, red, green and yellow in their own. This historical significance and the enchanting, mountainous setting of Addis Ababa has drawn more than tourists in the latter of this century as the secretariats of both the African Unity (AU) and the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa chose to locate their headquarters here (Brunn & Williams 277).
Ethiopia is recognized by African diplomats, tourists, geographers and
residents alike as one of the world1s most
problematic, yet fascinating and beautiful cities.
It is a city of surprises characterized by remarkable diversity and contrasts. Dominated by the 3000 meters high Entoto Mountains, immediately to the North and 2300 - 2500 meters in altitude to the South, Addis (the third - highest capital) has grown at astonishing speed since its foundation in1886.
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